Kindle online Smack Heroin and the American City Politics and Culture in Modern America author Eric C. Schneider – 8p2.us
This is a worthwhile history of the heroin trade in the 20th century that is unfortunately combined with excessive and strained explanations for heroin use and some contradictory stories about the relative importance of supply and demand in creating the heroin epidemicThe real story here is about New York City which as late as the mid 1960s had almost half the countries heroin users The reason is that the city was an entrepot for the Turkish heroin travelling through Marseilles the French Connection which was then shipped the city was an entrepot for the Turkish heroin travelling through Marseilles the French Connection which was then shipped the country by the New York Mafia families but of course a lot of it trickled down into the black and Puerto Rican communities This convergence of supply and use would seem to argue for the importance of supply in creating a local market for the drug but Schneider spends much of the book arguing that supply was irrelevant and only poverty which created demand mattered in explaining drug use the I m poor so I will shoot heroin explanation If poverty alone was the problem why was New York which wasn t as impoverished as so many other cities the indisputable center It was its importance as a distribution pointStill much of the book is level headed and intriguing with surprisingly clear descriptions of the history of federal and local drug policy from the Harrison Narcotics Act of 1914 to the birth of Methadone clinics in New York in 1969 and onwards If you re interested in drug history and policy this is actually one of the better books out there Good book The importance of peer influence in heroin proliferation is interesting and I think correct We see the power of peer influence in other areas as well But it is interesting that social elites musicians in this case were the
fuse for the problem it is interesting that people want to be like the rich the cool the talented for the problem it is interesting that people want to be like the rich the cool the talented famous and we will rab onto anything to be like themin this case to take their drug of choice Once that takes hold in some individuals then they spread the coolness to their peersA lot of talk of the marginalized yeah ok heroin addiction is caused by Anglo white males pile on Great but too easy Suburban teenagers who listened to the Ramones and the Beasty Boys were drug users tooand they probably drove their parents Cadillacs to pick up the drugs As long as we continue to take away individual responsibility for drug use from the individual and blame someo. Why do the vast majority of heroin users live in cities In his provocative history of heroin in the United States Eric C Schneider explains what is distinctively urban about this undisputed king of underworld drugsDuring the twentieth century New York City was the nation's heroin capital over half of all known addicts lived there and underworld bosses like Vito Genovese Nicky Barnes and Frank Lucas used their international networks to import and distribute the drug to cities throughout the country Nightbane World Book One generating vast sums of capital in return Schneider uncovers how New York as the principal distribution hub organized thelobal trade in heroin and su. The decline of the psychological paradigm that dominated the field of history of drugs so far According to the psychological paradigm the presence Or Absence Of Mental Disorder absence of mental disorder a key factor in explaining drug cultures as a whole Specifically brain disorders of specific communities where the explanatory force while social and
POLITICAL SETTINGS WERE TREATED AS SECONDARY FACTORS SUCH ASSUMPTIONS settings were treated as secondary factors Such assumptions a The All New Jonah Twist generation of social scientists to study history of drugs as a product of particular psychological conditions In order to prove this argument Schneider 2008 xii employseographic concepts of concentration centralization and marginality as social and economic marginalization linked the less developed with the developed world and those who rew opium poppies with those who consumed them in the form of heroin Political endeavors of restraining the rowing of crops of opium poppies in one part of the world led to the rapid emergence of new suppliers in other eually marginal areas ready to satisfy the demand in the United States ibid xii Drug cultures in short are about politics In the end Schneider s brilliant and elegant book still leaves both historians and political scientists with numerous unanswered uestions concerning the precise causal significance of elite ideology the ways in which ideologies can enerate powerful drug cultures and the effects of both ideologies and drug cultures on city crime heroin music While Schneider stresses the importance of social settings in explaining drug cultures in the modern cities like New York Philadelphia
LA Chicago and Detroit seems well placed he does not o far enough in refining his conceptual framework Chicago and Detroit seems well placed he does not PMS go far enough in refining his conceptual framework develop precise hypotheses regarding the empirical effects of specific political decisions in particular social context The case of post Vietnam soldiers however is an exception within this flaw This was an interesting narrative on the decline of the American urban landscape through the lense of heroin use It addresses socioeconomic racial and cultural reasons for the balloon in drug use in the urban setting I thought his use of individual stories was intersting but he could have used to back up his points If you want to know why heroin is at its heart a drug of the city with its capital in New York City read this book schneider looks at heroin as an urbanspatial phenomenon makes forood reading so fa. N how young people were initiated into the drug culture Smack recounts the explosion of heroin use among middle class young people in the 1960s and 1970s It became the drug of choice among a wide swath of youth from hippies in Haight Ashbury and soldiers in Vietnam to punks on the Lower East Side Panics over the drug led to the passage of increasingly severe legislation that entrapped heroin users in the criminal justice system without addressing the issues that led to its use in the first place The book ends with a meditation on the evolution of the war on drugs and addresses why efforts to solve the drug problem must o beyond eliminating suppl.
Eric C. Schneider Ï 4 Free readNe else will it ever be fixed Do marginalized people ever take drugs because they are lazy stupid wicked irresponsible bored and don t want to do what 90% of the population does everyday et up o to a boring job pay bills raise kids etc Non marginalized people can be lazy stupid wicked irresponsible and bored which seems to be the reasons they take drugs why can t marginalized people be like this Are the seems to be the reasons they take drugs why can t marginalized people be like this Are the immune from being the source of their own vice Is this part of the definition of being marginalized 90% of life is just
Mundanemaybe These People Just Don T Wantthese people just don t want be mundane so they see the jazz and punk musicians and want to be like them because they are not mundane and then they become trapped in a world worse than the mundane the world of momentary thrills that fade and need to be fueled again and again through drugs We live in a sinful world and sinful people do sinful things But that s tough to admit and for many they don t even think this is true So they identify victims and the oppressors and perpetuate a blame ame that ultimately solves nothing Not too dry for an academic history this book s subject is fascinating It turns out the history of heroin is also the history of ABCs of Baseball globalized trade of American race politics and of urban restructuring post WW2 Very solid history of heroin s progress through the thicket of US drug morality and regulation During the twentieth century historians displayed aeneral scholarly disinterest in the social settings of drugs in eneral and heroin in particular The study of drugs used to focus on historical and psychological rather than social and political conditions Schneider 2008 proves that social and political settings for drug usage can help us with the objective understandings of the phenomenon Schneider 2008 draws precise social and political mechanisms linking drug cultures with the observable social and political behavior Reducing opium into heroin was a product of smuggling ie political restrictions on its usage and not simply arbitrary set of scientifically possible laboratory occurrences uitting with heroin among post Vietnam war soldiers was also a product of change within their social setting Social and political setting is the determinant for drug
culture not brain disease or internal psychological factors This trend away from psychological explanations ofnot brain disease or internal psychological factors This trend away from psychological explanations of cultures is closely linked to. Stained the subcultures that supported its useThrough interviews with former junkies and clinic workers and in depth archival research Schneider also chronicles the dramatically shifting demographic profile of heroin users Originally popular among working class whites in the 1920s heroin became associated with jazz musicians and Beat writers in the 1940s Musician Red Rodney called heroin the trademark of the bebop eneration It was the thing that ave us membership in a uniue club he proclaimed Smack takes readers through the typical haunts of heroin users 52nd Street jazz clubs Times Suare cafeterias Chicago's South Side street corners to explai. .