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download online Last and First Men – 8p2.us


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    download online Last and First Men – 8p2.us Olaf Stapledon ☆ 0 Read & Download Free download Last and First Men Last and First Men has been a uniue experience It teaches and entertains not by presenting the reader with facts but by serving him and her with a broad range of possibilities that don't only open the eyes but also the mindOn a basic level the experience was very pleasant because of the imaginative power of Olaf Stapledon His imagination is second to none The images he conjures up provided me with the biggest spectacl

  2. says: download online Last and First Men – 8p2.us

    download online Last and First Men – 8p2.us Rating 12 of fiveI cried uncle on p59 of this book which was part of a group read on LibraryThing; it was written in 1930 or so it's true but nothing as ephemeral as passing time can excuse the lineA century after the found

  3. says: Free download Last and First Men review é PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ☆ Olaf Stapledon Olaf Stapledon ☆ 0 Read & Download

    download online Last and First Men – 8p2.us This is truly an astounding novel Its ambition is to tell the story of humankind from the near future to the end of our species some two billion years into the future The beginning of this book can be easily skipped since it’s an outdated projection of historical events from the time when Stapledon was writing around the 1930s However his fertile imagination truly takes flight when he imagines the distant future of humanityThe

  4. says: download online Last and First Men – 8p2.us

    review é PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ☆ Olaf Stapledon Olaf Stapledon ☆ 0 Read & Download download online Last and First Men – 8p2.us Stapledon tells you the story of the human race starting now and ending with its demise well over a billion years in the future People change in all sorts of unexpected ways; during some periods they have godlike intelligence during others they aren't even sentient any The book has obvious flaws but there's just nothing else like it Some of the images are impossible to forgetDespite the fact that it's not very well known none of my 115 GR

  5. says: download online Last and First Men – 8p2.us

    Free download Last and First Men download online Last and First Men – 8p2.us Olaf Stapledon ☆ 0 Read & Download It's really hard to describe this novel in a way that can do it justice because any cursory explanation such as plotless and characterless has some rather negative connotations Indeed it's kinda impossible to have those here except in brief glances relying on bird's eye views before necessarily jumping on to t

  6. says: Free download Last and First Men Olaf Stapledon ☆ 0 Read & Download review é PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ☆ Olaf Stapledon

    Free download Last and First Men download online Last and First Men – 8p2.us There’s this moment in Douglas Adams’ The Restaurant at the End of the Universe where to torture a certain character he is put into the Total Perspective Vortex a device that gives him a perfectly accurate glimpse of the entire

  7. says: download online Last and First Men – 8p2.us Olaf Stapledon ☆ 0 Read & Download review é PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ☆ Olaf Stapledon

    download online Last and First Men – 8p2.us Olaf Stapledon ☆ 0 Read & Download review é PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ☆ Olaf Stapledon Last and First Men The ultimate vision of man’s evolutionPosted at Fantasy LiteratureOlaf Stapledon's vision of mankind's entire future history until the end is profound beautiful and affecting and was written way back

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    review é PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ☆ Olaf Stapledon Olaf Stapledon ☆ 0 Read & Download download online Last and First Men – 8p2.us 40 stars WOW this book is in a class all by itself for originality imagination and scope I can not believe I have not heard about this book as being one of the true classics of science fiction Written in the 1930's this is a future history that tells the story of mankind over a span of 2 billion years yes billion with a B from 1930

  9. says: review é PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ☆ Olaf Stapledon Olaf Stapledon ☆ 0 Read & Download download online Last and First Men – 8p2.us

    Free download Last and First Men download online Last and First Men – 8p2.us Olaf Stapledon ☆ 0 Read & Download I'm not gonna lie folks; of all the books I've tackled so far this year Last and First Men has been the toughest challenge to my resolve to only read one book at a time That's not to say it's by any means a bad book; it's part of the SF Master

  10. says: download online Last and First Men – 8p2.us

    review é PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ☆ Olaf Stapledon download online Last and First Men – 8p2.us Olaf Stapledon ☆ 0 Read & Download Exploratory awe inspiring existential crisis inducingI have never read anything like this This is a documentary of humanity’s career spanni

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Last and First Men

review é PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ☆ Olaf Stapledon

Forte he gets carried away with flowery metaphysical lyricism that smothers and overwhelms the course of eventsStill Stapledon s vision and imagination than make p for it One can open this book at random and always find an idea that has been subseuently Wicked Way Interactive 1 used in any number of sci fi stories all the way from Dune to biopunk It s all in there This is a must read for all serious science fiction fansINDIGNANT POST SCRIPTUM The first American edition of this book by SF Masterworks opens with a regrettable foreword by Gregory Benford in which he nonchalantly remarks I would advise the reader to simply skip the first four parts of this book and begin with The Fall of the First Men I found myself shouting EXCUSE ME at the dumbstruck print What sort of foreword recommends readers skip half the book they re about to read I ll readily admit the first half is rather boring but it s a part of Stapledon s envisioned whole Further it s essential to fully appreciate the time scale as the book advances allowing one to reminisce about those first few chapters and marvel at how far humanity has come over the course of billions of years It makes you realise how mightily insignificant our present is in the greater scheme of things Oh and he also scoffs at Stapledon for being shockingly wrong about the events that would take place in the decades following the book s publication I m sorry but what exactly is shocking about not being able to predict the future Are we holding himp to the standards of a prophet Seriously this foreword is nothing but a puddle of runny arse gravy Stapledon tells you the story of the human race starting now and ending with its demise well over a billion years in the future People change in all sorts of nexpected ways during some periods they have godlike intelligence during others they aren t even sentient any The book has obvious flaws but there s just nothing else like it Some of the images are impossible to forgetDespite the fact that it s not very well known none of my 115 GR friends have it on their shelves an impressive collection of famous people give him a thumbs p Doris Lessing in particular has said than once that she was deeply affected by it Other fans include SF writers Arthur C Clarke and Brian Aldiss and the evolutionary biologist John Maynard Smith Rating 12 of fiveI cried Tiny Tyrant uncle on p59 of this book which was part of a group read on LibraryThing it was written in 1930 or so it s true but nothing as ephemeral as passing time can excuse the lineA century after the founding of the first world state a rumour began to be heard in China about the supreme secret of scientific religion the awful mystery of Gordelpus by means of which it should be possible totilize the energy locked Tuckers Claim up in the opposition of proton and electronbuzz you re out Dr Stapledon and thanks for playing our game This is supposedly a novel That kind of snore inducing prose is not even excusable in a textbook though it is explainable there in a novel an entertainment this tone is just about as far off the mark as any I can imagine I can t fairly comment on the plot since there isn t any that I can discern The storynfolds as a being from our remote future lectures The Runaway and the Cattleman us on what we did wrong with special emphasis on the horrors of America oof how very outmoded that sounds and China as co controllers of civilizationNow I can t fault Dr Stapledon for prescience since he pegged the two dominant countries of the future so solidly but there are no characters to makes care about the story and there are no passages of graceful prose to make The Comeback Cowboy us forgive the lack of characters All in all even given that I was skimming most of the book it was a waste of a lovely Sunday afternoon I m not gonna lie folks of all the books I ve tackled so far this year Last and First Men has been the toughest challenge to my resolve to only read one book at a time That s not to say it s by any means a bad book it s part of the SF Masterworks Collection for very good reasons It s just that well gripping storytelling it ain tPenned in 1930 by a philosophy professor Last and First Men is heavy on exposition and all but devoid of character dialogue or even plot beyond exploring the nature of the 18 races of man from First 20th Century earthbound Homo sapiens sapiens to Last Neptunian superbeings who liv Last and First Men Theltimate vision of man s evolutionPosted at Fantasy LiteratureOlaf Stapledon s vision of mankind s entire future history Targeted until the end is profound beautiful and affecting and was written way back in 1930 It isnfortunate that this work has not found a wider audience though it has had a deep influence on many of SF s luminaries including Arthur C Clarke who indicated that this book and its later successor Star Maker were the two most influential books he had ever read In my mind it is one of the most imaginative early SF classics ever written just as important as the works of HG WellsHe touches on so many themes that still resonate today particularly mankind s potential for both great achievements and selfish cruelty for deep insight and self delusion And as mankind progresses through 18 major stages over billions of years apparently influenced by the Hegelian Dialectic even delving into his own racial past we see the vast potential of "MIND IN THE UNIVERSE AND THOUGH " in the niverse And though is finally likened to a single movement in the vast eternal symphony of the cosmos this does not detract of the cosmos this does not detract any way from the tragic beauty of our brief existenceUnlike modern novels the book reads like a future history without specific characters touching down briefly to document key events and pausing to reflect on their significance Because it was written in 1930 the early chapters about the First Men actually covering world history through our present time so they are interesting in their predictions of world politics between the two world wars However it is only as the time scale picks p towards the end of the First Men that the book hits its stride so some readers may decide to skip the first 3 4 chapters if they want to delve straight into his ever expanding vision of humanity s future The book gets far fascinating as newer generations of men develop forming larger brains a telepathically linked groupmind but ever again falling back into decay and destruction before seeding the next generation of man The Sister Swap until the Eighteen Men which turn out to be the Last Men It s hard to imagine a grander scale of progress and decline and it is stunning that Olaf Stapledon produced a work of such scope and vision during a time when Europe was consumed by nationalism and conflicting ideologies It s really hard to describe this novel in a way that can do it justice because any cursory explanation such as plotless and characterless has some rather negative connotations Indeed it s kinda impossible to have those here except in brief glances relying on bird s eye views before necessarily jumping on to the ne. Rformed on himself and refers to the finding that recall accuracy varies as a function of an item's position within a study list When asked to recall a list of items in any order free recall Select Object MicrosoftPowerShellUtility The Select Object cmdlet selects specified properties of an object or set of objects It can also selectniue objects a specified number of objects or objects in a specified position in an array To select objects from a collection Tall, Dark Cranky use the First Last Uniue Skip and Index parameters To select object propertiesse the Property parameter First and Last Frost Dates by Location | The Old See the average first and last frost dates for locations across the US and Canada with our frost dates calculator Simply enter your postal code to see when the last spring frost date and first fall frost date typically occur in your area Knowing local frost dates can improve your gardening by giving you an idea of when to start seeds indoors and outdoors when to First and Last | Netflix Official Site First and Last Season Release year Take an intimate look at the emotionally and Last Season Release year Take an intimate look at the emotionally first and last days of new and soon to be released inmates at Georgia's Gwinnett County Jail Take Your Charge m Alex faces pressure not to snitch as he scrambles to make bond Velma and Shantee npack their troubled pasts and prepare for long awaited freedom Smooth With This Sht m Keith ‘Last and First Men’ Trailer Jhann Jhannsson | ‘Last and First Men’ juxtaposes the seminal speculative science fiction story by Olaf Stapledon a haunting musical score by the late composer and musician Jhan Jhannson and filmed images First FirstN Last and LastN functions Power Apps First and Last return a single record FirstN and LastN return a table even if you specify only a single record When sed with a data source these functions can't be delegated Only the first portion of the data source will be retrieved and then the function applied The result may not represent the complete story A warning may appear at authoring time to remind you of this limitation and Paroles et traduction Sisters Of Mercy Firs And Last And First and last and always D'abord et dernier et toujours 'til the end of the end of time Jusu' la fin de la fin des temps First and last and always mine D'abord et dernier et toujours mien Maybe it's a way too easy C'est peut etre trop facile Maybe it's a way too long C'est peut etre trop long Say you'll be by me Dites The Hearts Voice ue vous serait par moi When the ev. Exploratory awe inspiring existential crisis inducingI have never read anything like this This is a documentary of humanity s career spanning froms homo sapiens to the last of its descendants some two billion years later Actually I had to refer to the wiki to write this review because for the love of god I cannot remember every single descendent of men there are a lot of details in this giant book It s a great summary for those who want to collect their thoughts after reading the book which I guarantee you will Don t read the wiki if you haven t finished the book I think it takes away the magic My god Stapledon s imagination knows no bounds I have not read something so bold so richly descriptive and so imaginative before He has imagined some descendants that are truly vastly different from the First Men but has somehow managed to retain in them a piece of humanity that all of s can resonate with The striving to be better intelligent the race to cheat death and discover immortality the deep need for exploration In the end all humans were selfish and cruel they were great in their achievements by working as a collective they were astoundingly short sighted in the way they treat each other they were capable of grand plans spanning thousands of years Is the beauty of the Whole really enhanced by our agony And is the Whole really beautiful And what is beauty This might not be everyone s cup of tea There is no plot no characters no reason to get invested in the story other than being human and for me personally the insatiable rge to know how we will fare 2 billion years into the future This is a philosophical experience The story presents you with facts accounts of the different morals cultures and ways of life of the descendants and it allows you to draw The Spaniards Stolen Bride (Mills Boon Modern) (Mills Boon Modern) (Brides of Innocence, Book 2) upon similarities or differences in your own experience as First Men for reflection on these things I once again am made aware of how immersed I am in my own experience in the reality I think of as absolute truth that I am stunted any time I try to imagine otherwise This book is a needle that bursts your reality bubble Theniverse is a sandbox full of all sorts of possibilities Man himself at the very least is music a brave theme that makes music also of its vast accompaniment its matrix of storms and stars Man himself in his degree is eternally a beauty in the eternal form of things It is very good to have been man And so we may go forward together with laughter in our hearts and peace thankful for the past and for our own courage For we shall make after all a fair conclusion to this brief music that is man I actually had to read this book in two parts about 6 months apart because of its sheer volume and overwhelming information It was totally worth it In fact I m going to buy a physical copy to put on my shelf that I can thumb through because there are so many inspiring bits in the book that I foresee I will need certain days Seriously my review can t capture the magnificence of the thing Neither does the star system It s a piece of art in its own way 40 stars WOW this book is in a class all by itself for originality imagination and scope I can not believe I have not heard about this book as being one of the true classics of science fiction Written in the 1930 s this is a future history that tells the story of mankind over a span of 2 billion years yes billion with a B from 1930 To Kiss a Sheik until approximately the year 2000000000 During that period humanity evolves through what Olaf describes as 18 different species of men our present being the First Men of the title Through those 18 iterations we see everything from giant brained superminds to genetically engineered supermen to auatic fishmen and much much The reason that the book for all its amazing inventiveness does not get 5 stars is because the narrative at times can be very very dry The detailed descriptions of each successive species of humanity and the trials and tribulations that befall them can become a bit tedious Thus there were times when I was not enjoying myself as much as I would have liked despite being in almost constant awe of the writer s imangination However despite that crticism this is a book that I strongly recommend to all fans of science fiction as many of the ideas and concepts found in modern science fiction found their first true expression in this amazing futrue history HIGHLY RECOMMENDED There s this moment in Douglas Adams The Restaurant at the End of the Universe where to torture a certain character he is put into the Total Perspective Vortex a device that gives him a perfectly accurate glimpse of the entire mind cracking enormousness of theniverse and every single thing contained therein including a microscopic pinprick that reads You are here Reading Last and First Men was like being put into the Total Perspective Vortex My brain is currently The Playboys Virgin (Australian Playboys uite broken Or at the very least my sense of proportion If next time I m expected at a party I showp 200000 years late it ll be entirely Olaf Stapledon s fault for making me think 200000 years is but a trifling moment gone in an eyeblink and no reason to put away the punch and slam the door in my faceIn this book Stapledon pour yourself a strong one for this tells the future history of 18 consecutive species of hominids over the course of 2 billion years Just for reference 2 billion years ago the planets in our solar system had only finished clumping together into of less cohesive balls of rock Things get trippySo you start reading and initially you follow along sure 400 years in the future I get that Then it s 1000 years still with you But then suddenly humanity blows itself p in a worldwide nuclear disaster and we slump into the first of many Dark Ages for Wait What S That 10 what s that 10 yearsThis guy gets space It s huge and slow and mostly ninteresting For most of the book s time span humanity s not p to anything too exciting we re portrayed as just another part of nature blindly evolving ever adapting to anything too exciting we re portrayed as just another part of nature blindly evolving ever adapting every once in a while gets lucky and makes some dazzlingly fast technological leap You know like the actual history of humanity so far In a way he s sketching his vision of what an ideal future moral history of humanity would look like with plenty of wars and aliens to keep things interesting along the way Stapledon seems to have very little faith in our current species hell we don t even make it to the Moon ntil approx 300000000 years in the future because our intellectual progress impressive as it is isn t free from the fetters of our biological hinderings ie sexual jealousy self interest competitiveness There s no realpolitik in Stapledon s vision of the present nations keep going to war because they hate each other This book is about humanity s est to overcome its base passions and become pure mindHaving said all that this novel can be dull Seriously dull It would be a whopping five starrer if it wasn t so egregiously boring at times Writing is not this man Last and First Men ST FULL ALBUM YouTube Self titled debut album from last And First Men Performed By Last And First Men Produced first men Performed by Last and First Men Produced Last and First Men with Aaron Vaughn Recorded at Illiact First and Last TV series Wikipedia First and Last is an American documentarian non scripted reality television series on NetflixIt is recorded at Gwinnett County Jail a pre trial holding facility in Georgia US with each episode following inmates on their first or last days in jail The criminal justice system in America is also explored throughout the season The full season of First and Last consisting of six last in first out Traduction en franais exemples Traductions en contexte de last in first out en anglais franais avec Reverso Context DFO has determined that last in first out approach is the basis pon which the TAC reductions are calculated and determined; so again forming the scope of this review FIRST NAME LAST NAME Traduction en franais exemples First Name Last Name E mail Address Category Comments Please note that your message may be forwarded to a CENTURY office for response Prnom Nom Courriel Catgorie Veuillez noter The Drifter ue votre message pourrait tre transfrne agence CENTURY des fins de rponse Search for someone's wish list First Name Last Name Email Create a Wish List Help If you have any Up Close and Personal uestions please Firstlast aggregate PostgreSL wiki This aggregate function returns the value from the first or last input row in each group ignoring NULL rows NULLs are ignored automatically by How to lookup first and last match | Exceljet How to lookup first and last match One of the confusing aspects of lookup functions in Excel isnderstanding how to get the first or last match in a set of data with than one match This is because Excel's behavior changes depending on two factors whether you are performing an exact or approximate match and whether data is sorted or not ORACLE BASE FIRSTVALUE and LASTVALUE RANK DENSERANK FIRST and LAST Analytic Functions; LAG and LEAD Analytic Functions; LISTAGG Analystic Function in g Release ; Top N eries; Setup The examples in this article reuire the following table DROP TABLE emp PURGE; CREATE TABLE emp empno NUMBER CONSTRAINT pkemp PRIMARY KEY ename VARCHAR job VARCHAR mgr NUMBER hiredate DATE sal Serial position effect Wikipedia Serial position effect is the tendency of a person to recall the first and last items in a series best and the middle items worst The term was coined by Hermann Ebbinghaus through studies he pe.
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Xt BIG IDEA and Super Imaginative settingFor what we have here way back in 1930 is novel of Future History influencing every big SF author of the day even influencing Winston Churchill HG Wells Arthur C Clarke and countless SF writers ever sinceWhy Let me do this ick Eighteen iterations of mankind over a billion years from the total death of our mankind the evolutionary re emergence of the next the differences oddities rediscoveries after soooo much time the new dreams aspirations religions the different values before the next mankind dies off We have Martian invasion we have our invasion of Venus we have major genetic modifications telepathy during other iterations the ability to experience racial memory a la Dune adding multiple sexes immortality living in gas giants and sometimes merely striving only to improve the human race Over a billion years And of course whole races die Over and overIt s grand majestic awe some and brilliantSo much imagination is crammed into so few pages that a prospective SF author could just pour through this and continue to point at reused story ideas for even current day authors I look at the nuclear powered version of life on Venus the intelligent clouds of Mars the huge brains the musical race the race of time travelers and my jaw just drops It s not without emotion either There s a deep an abiding love for everyone here even as a whole race suffers deep ennui and an existential crisis or during others that suffer impossible odds accidents or the final death of our solar system The philosophies give it away The spirit of the human races rise and ebb and ndergo vast changesAnd yet there s no characters or plot Just setting and world building and vast movements of so many people It would never get published today And yet it s still brilliant Absolutely worth knowing even now It makes me wonder what we re collectively doing We can t forget that works like this EXIST This is truly an astounding novel Its ambition is to tell the story of humankind from the near future to the end of our species some two billion years into the future The beginning of this book can be easily skipped since it s an outdated projection of historical events from the time when Stapledon was writing around the 1930s However his fertile imagination truly takes flight when he imagines the distant future of humanityThe narrator of this chronicle is one of the last men who sends his account back to s over the millions of centuries through the writing of Stapledon And this is what this far descendant of our time reveals across the aeons the human race takes various shapes the book describes seventeen races or stages some races of men evolve to higher levels of consciousness some fall back to animality men meet with the inhabitants of Mars which are made of gas but worship gems some species of men are only made of brain cells that grow inside iron towers and are served by lower kinds of men later on the human species needs to leave the Earth and conuer Venus where they live in the atmosphere flying in The Cowboys Valentine (Crooked Valley Ranch utter bliss and feeling depressed when back on their two feet later still men migrate to Neptune to escape the slow senescence of the Sun and acuire a circular and stereoscopic vision of the heavens as well as the ability to think and sense as a whole species and even the power to influence the past Until finally the human race reaches its tragic endingThis whole voyage is in a way similar to that of Stapledon s later novel Star Maker but instead of travelling in the farthest realms of space this is a trip into the furthest reaches of time In this sense Last and First Men is a grandiose elaboration on HG Wells Time Machine Dante also came to my mind when reading this book as in the Divine Comedy we witness successive states of humanity without much lingering over the fates of individuals which makes the reading at times a bit tedious since there are no characters or dialogues to hold on to The very last part is perhaps the most beautiful and moving humans at last have reached annderstanding of the Universe that opens spectacular vistas into the cosmos And this sadly is their swansong Last and First Men has been a niue experience It teaches and entertains not by presenting the reader with facts but by serving him and her with a broad range of possibilities that don t only open the eyes but also the mindOn a basic level the experience was very pleasant because of the imaginative power of Olaf Stapledon His imagination is second to none The images he conjures p provided me with the biggest spectacle I ve ever seen and that I can hope to see in the future A single paragraph sometimes contains wealth than the complete oeuvres of our most celebrated authors To an author this book must read like a succession of story settings and it s not surprising to see many claim it has been a source of inspiration to their own work And yet while this book is rightly praised for this abundance of imagination and the mind blowing proportion of it this praise falls short of expressing what made Last and First Men such a magnificent read to me A love for life seeps from its pages rooted in common sense but also in the romantic It s a symphony of reason and emotions of smallness and vastness and its conclusion left me enriched happy and deeply movedA fear I have while writing this review is that my admiration for it won t do this book any justice nor any favors That it will imperfectly shape expectations of anyone reading this review that it will put so much emphasis on my experience of it so that it doesn t leave room for you the reader to form an opinion that completely disregards what might be perceived as the opinion of a wide eyed fanatic Or that people not having liked the book will se my possibly emotional arguments against the very thing I hold so dear But I have to take my chances I do want to share it given that at times my heart literally was beating faster while reading and that my eyes could simply not believe what they were reading The fact that this book was writtenpublished in 1930 before even World War II happened adds to the sense of something miraculous having *occurred here I repeatedly double checked if this 1930 wasn t in reference to something else a symptom of the lack *here I repeatedly double checked if this 1930 wasn t in reference to something else a symptom of the lack belief that characterized my eyes at the time of reading One of the things I liked aside from the bedazzling scope of the author s imagination is the way the fourth wall was broken through the idea that the author himself was but a vessel of communication between a very distant future human life form and the reader The account of all the iterations of mankind s evolution and the richness in detail and nuance make it read like a convincing historical account convincing enough to even entertain the idea proposed by the author that the future speaks to s through these pagesThis leads me to react on two criticisms I have read here repeatedly The first is that the near futur. Idence comes along and l'evidence FIRST and LAST Variables in SAS How to Select Variables to identify the first and last observations in a group SAS places FIRST and LAST Variable in SAS Program Data Vector PDV Then they are available for DATA step processing but SAS does not add them to the output data set as they are temporary in nature Explore the concept – SAS Macro For Beginners How FIRST and LAST Variables Works When an observation is the first in a BY SAS First and Last Variables Note FIRSTLAST variables are temporary variables That means they are not visible in the newly created data set To make them visible we need to create two new variables In the program above i make them visible we need to create two new variables In the program above i created FirstID and LastID variables SAS FIRST vs LAST Variables How it works FIRSTvariable when an observation is the first observation in each group values of variable ID The FIRST and LAST functions in Oracle SL I have to say that I don’t really know why Oracle calls FIRST and LAST as functions As you just saw LAST is just that word at the end of line inside all that construct You cannot pass any parameter to it and it does always the same thing which is defining that the rows that are to be kept are the ones that rank LAST It doesn’t return anything by itself It is just a part of the How to se FIRSTvariable and LASTvariable in a Use FIRST and LAST variables to compute duration of treatment Another common se of the FIRSTvariable and LASTvariable indicator variables is to determine the length of time between a patient's first visit and his last visit Consider the following DATA step which defines the dates and weights for four male patients who visited a clinic Matthew But many dates and weights for four male patients who visited a clinic Matthew But many are first will be last So the last shall be first and the first last for many be called but few chosen Matthew Whether of them twain did the will of his father? They say nto him The first Jesus saith A Regency Captains Prize unto them Verily I saynto you That the publicans and the harlots go into the kingdom of God before you Lexicon But δὲ de Conjunction Strong's Greek A primary particle; but and etc m List of Random Names About This application generates endless The Bridal Bed uniue first and last namesickly This valuable tool is a “must have” for Writers se it to create character names; Expectant parents se it to pick baby names; Website registrants se it create an alternate identity; I originally wrote this application to generate lists of random names to populate a test database with ’s of sers.